Increased awareness of the issues surrounding climate change, deforestation, displacement of indigenous people and the preservation of natural resources has helped to contribute to the growth of sustainable tourism, and it is essential for those in the industry to gain an understanding of the concept. In this article, you can learn about what sustainable tourism actually means and why it matters, while also learning about some specific real-world examples.
- What is Sustainable Tourism?
- What is the Goal of Sustainable Tourism?
- What is the Difference Between Sustainable Tourism and Responsible Tourism?
- Why is Sustainable Tourism Important?
- Different Types of Sustainable Tourism
- What Are the Advantages of Sustainable Tourism?
- 7 Examples of Sustainable Tourism
- Key Trends in the Tourism Industry
- Understanding Destination Marketing
- Tourism Management: Everything You Need to Know
- Find Courses in Sustainable Tourism
- Find Jobs in Sustainable Tourism
Sustainable tourism refers to types of tourism where the environmental, social and economic impacts of tourism are factored in and where relevant adjustments are made to minimise these negative consequences. It considers the needs of travellers, but also the needs of host communities, local businesses and the natural world.
This could mean adopting more sustainable methods of transportation, staying in more environmentally friendly accommodation, eating locally and ethically sourced foods, and avoiding harmful activities. Sustainable tourism can be related to leisure, business or event travel, but also travel to visit friends and family too.
Video: Why Sustainable Tourism?
The ultimate goal of sustainable tourism is to reduce the impact of tourism on local communities and the environment. This means making optimal use of resources to avoid over-consumption, helping with the conservation of the natural world and making a conscious effort to respect local traditions and heritage, and contributing to their preservation.
A major objective linked to sustainable tourism is making the long-term future of tourism more viable and this is achieved through education and behavioural changes. Additionally, sustainable tourism aims to provide economic and social benefits for local communities, resulting in more of a mutually beneficial ‘give and take’ relationship.
The concepts of sustainable tourism and responsible tourism are closely linked, to such an extent that they are often used interchangeably. However, there are some differences between the two ideas and it can be helpful to get to grips with what separates the two terms, as well as what unites them.
Sustainable tourism is heavily focused on the long-term sustainability of the tourism industry, so that current needs do not compromise the needs of future generations. Responsibility is shared between political leaders, tourism companies and other stakeholders. Responsible tourism, on the other hand, is primarily concerned with the ways individuals interact with the destinations they visit and the focus is generally on people making behavioural changes.
The concept of sustainable tourism is incredibly important because while tourism can generate economic benefits for a local area and provide jobs for those in the industry, it can also have negative consequences, including over-use of resources, displacement of wildlife and damage to local culture, all while contributing to greenhouse gas emissions.
As tourism is expected to continue to grow in the years ahead, current tourism habits are going to become unsustainable, because they are causing too much harm to the environment, local communities and the earth’s natural resources. This makes sustainable tourism essential for the long-term viability of the tourism industry as a whole.
By prioritising sustainable tourism, governments, travel companies, airlines, hotels, restaurants and travellers can all help to ensure tourism is still possible in the years to come. When steps are taken to provide benefits for locals and minimise the harm caused by tourism, it becomes a force for good in the world.
Different Types of Sustainable Tourism
Sustainable tourism is a broad umbrella term, which has several different sub-categories. Understanding the different types of sustainable tourism can be especially important for those involved in tourism marketing.
Ecotourism is the name given to responsible or green tourism to areas of natural beauty, with a particular focus on ecological conservation. The aim of ecotourism is to protect the natural environment, to find ways to benefit local communities – while respecting their culture – and to educate travellers about the importance of responsible travel. Energy efficiency, water conservation and protection of wildlife and indigenous people are all key.
Community tourism occurs when a local community invites tourists to visit and provides accommodation for them. Crucially, this ensures that the local community always has control over their local tourism industry, making the key decisions and setting their own restrictions. In many cases, community tourism is based on creating realistic experiences of what life is like in developing areas, and unique or unusual accommodation is a regular feature.
Rural tourism refers to tourism that centres around rural areas, rather than urban areas. It includes everything from hiking and camping trips, to agritourism, where tourists may participate in farming activities and experience agricultural lifestyles. Ultimately, this kind of tourism focuses on natural features, such as forests, hills, mountains, fields and waterfalls, rather than cities, tourist hot spots and built-up areas.
Soft tourism is a form of tourism that prioritises local experiences, education, respect for local culture and the avoidance of tourist hot spots. It can be contrasted with hard tourism, or mass tourism, which is large-scale and focused on popular tourist attractions and destinations. Companies that are operating in accordance with soft tourism principles will prioritise longer stays, jobs for locals, and measures to avoid over-crowding.
In general, sustainable tourism can be thought of as responsible tourism, but it is important for businesses, tourism workers and tourists to gain an appreciation of some of the main advantages.
An important component of sustainable tourism is the conservation of wildlife and this ranks among the most significant benefits associated with the practice. When decisions are made with the needs of local wildlife in mind, it prevents natural habitats from being destroyed and allows animals to thrive. Crucially, sustainable tourism also allows wild animals to stay in the wild, rather than having them in captivity and used as a tourist attraction.
Another key benefit of sustainable tourism is the focus on protecting the environment. Sustainable hotels and other forms of accommodation will use eco-friendly materials and take steps to limit the amount of waste they produce or the amount of resources they use. Sustainable transportation could involve hiring a bicycle, rather than using a car. Sustainable restaurants, meanwhile, will source food locally and may offer more vegetarian and vegan options.
When tourists make the conscious decision to turn to sustainable tourism companies, and when governments take steps to help those companies too, they are all contributing to the wellbeing of local people. Sustainable tourism can provide jobs for the local area, funding for local projects, and stimulation for the local economy. By contrast, mass tourism, with no focus on sustainability, is often more exploitative and can inadvertently harm local culture and indigenous people.
There are significant educational components associated with ideas like sustainable and environmental tourism, and these can help tourists to adjust their attitudes and behaviours over the longer term. This is important because the greater demand there is for sustainable tourism, the more pressure will be placed on businesses and governments to deliver what customers are looking for and, in the process, this can lead to positive and lasting change.
Ultimately, sustainable tourism has a much more long-term focus than other forms of tourism, which prioritise the needs of today at the expense of future generations and their requirements. A major advantage of sustainable tourism is the fact that it brings together businesses, tourists and governments, with the aim of adopting strategies that look out for the long-term future of the tourism industry, local communities, tourists, and the planet as a whole.
Now that you are equipped with an understanding of what sustainable tourism is, it is worth taking a closer look at seven specific examples of sustainable tourism in action within the real world.
Feynan Ecolodge is located in Dana Biosphere Nature Reserve, Jordan, and has developed a reputation as one of the best examples of sustainable tourism in the world. The accommodation operates in partnership with the Royal Society for the Conservation of Nature, and is solar-powered, greatly reducing the overall carbon footprint. As a result, guests can stay in the lodge knowing that they are doing their part to protect the environment.
Bhutan in South Asia is one of the most unique tourist destinations in the world and the entire country operates a “high value, low impact” model, in order to maximise economic benefits while minimising any negative impact. To enforce this, the country has strict entry requirements and charges a daily tariff. Some of the money generated from this policy then goes to conservation efforts and investment in the country’s infrastructure, culture, and public services.
Safari tours have the potential to be exploitative, but a number of tour operators are now operating more ethical and sustainable safari tours, which give back to the local area. One example of this is the tour company andBeyond, which offers luxury safari tours in Botswana, Tanzania, Kenya and various other locations. The company installs electrical micro-grids to make energy consumption more sustainable, while also investing in local land, animals and people.
Mdumbi Backpackers is a hostel that is specifically aimed at those with an interest in sustainable tourism. Situated in South Africa, the accommodation serves as an ideal base for hiking, whale watching and various other activities. However, crucially, the hostel has adopted a number of eco-friendly practices, including a more sustainable waste management system, the use of solar power, and an ownership model that allows local employees to own shares.
Transportation is a major focus area for sustainable tourism in general, but water-based transport has arguably lagged behind other methods and often still relies heavily on fossil fuels. Fortunately, this is starting to change and companies like Soel Yachts and Naval DC have created more sustainable water transport in the form of solar-powered, electric vessels, which are carbon neutral. As this trend continues, water transport should become increasingly sustainable.
The Six Senses Resort in Fiji is a five-star luxury resort, which operates in accordance with sustainable tourism principles. For instance, the resort is entirely powered by solar energy and it includes its own rain capture and water filtration facilities, helping to reduce the use of plastic bottles. Additionally, the Six Senses Resort promotes recycling and re-use of materials and supports a number of causes that help the local community.
Finally, the BomBom Water Project is operated by the Bom Bom resort on the island of Príncipe, off the west coast of Africa. The luxury resort introduced a recycling scheme, where 50 used water bottles would be replaced by a refillable, stainless steel bottle. The resort claims the project led to the removal of 300,000 used plastic water bottles from the island, and the resort also contributed to a number of water purification fountains too.
Sustainable tourism is one of the main trends in the industry today, but there are a number of other trends that you need to be aware of too. From the renewed focus on local customers to the rise of voice search, keeping up with the latest trends can help those in the tourism industry to gain a competitive edge and satisfy customers.
To explore these trends and many more in greater depth, and to find out what has actually influenced each of them, check out the “Tourism Trends: The Latest Opportunities for The Tourism Industry” article.
The concept of sustainable tourism can easily tie in with the idea of destination marketing too. Essentially, this is where marketers for hotels and other travel companies aim to attract tourists to a particular location by promoting the local attractions, features and activities on offer, in order to make it a more appealing proposition.
You can explore the topic of destination marketing further and gain an understanding of how it can relate to the concept of sustainable tourism by reading the “Destination Marketing Strategies to Attract More Visitors” article.
Understanding sustainable tourism and the benefits it can provide for both travellers and the industry as a whole is especially important for those who are involved in tourism management. This includes general managers, sales managers, marketing managers, hotel managers, guest relations managers and a whole host of other roles.
To dive deeper into the topic of tourism management, including definitions, a list of the management roles available, and the qualifications needed, read the “Tourism Management: All You Need to Know About Tourism” post.
One of the best ways to learn more about sustainable tourism and to gain relevant qualifications that can help you to land a role in this sector of the industry is to look into the various courses that are available. This may include distance learning courses or courses that require physical attendance, depending on your preferences.
To explore the topic of tourism courses in full, and to access links to some of the best websites for actually finding a course to enrol in, read the “Tourism Course: A Complete Overview of Courses & Tourism Educators” article.
Find Jobs in Sustainable Tourism
In the end, sustainable tourism is concerned with making the tourism industry itself more sustainable, so that it has a bright future and can continue to provide jobs. One of the reasons the industry is so valuable is because it offers roles within hospitality, airlines, the cruise industry, travel agencies and more.
You can find out more about the tourism jobs available, and identify the best job boards to help you in your search for a vacancy by checking out the “Tourism Jobs: The Best Tourism Industry Job Boards for Your Career” post.
Sustainable tourism is the term used to describe tourism that is intended to minimise the negative impact on the environment and local communities while making the industry itself more viable in the longer term. Responsibility for this lies not only with tourists themselves but also with tourism companies and local governments too.